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Washington State Wine Varieties

Washington Whites

Washington produces more than 40 wine grape varieties - a ratio of about 49% white and 51% red. As the industry matures and experiments, it finds many grape varieties that thrive throughout Washington's micro-climates. There are more than 18,850 vineyard acres of white wine varieties statewide. Here are the most common from a recent state-wide acreage study in 2011.

Other Whites

GEWÜRZTRAMINER
775 acres
313 hectares

Washington success story because of its ability to withstand the cold winters, Gewürztraminer typically offers allspice, tropical fruit with zesty aromas and flavors. Previously made only in an off-dry, or slightly sweet style, Gewürztraminer is now being explored by Washington winemakers in dry styles that retain its rich aromatics.

 

SEMILLON
222 acres
90 hectares

Washington is known for its Semillon, and while this wine is most often enjoyed young, Washington Semillons are known to age beautifully into rich, honeyed, nutty wines. When young, it offers a broad spectrum of flavors, ranging from crisp citrus to melon and fig, and fresh pears to vanillin. A wine with somewhat lower acidity than Sauvignon Blanc, Semillon is luscious, yet light. Its lower acidity makes it more susceptible to botrytis, resulting in a fair number of late-harvest bottlings.
 

PINOT GRIS
1,576 acres
638 hectares

 

VIOGNIER
390 acres
157 hectares


More:
CHENIN BLANC
Müller-Thurgau
Madeleine Angevine
Siegerrebe
Muscat Ottonel
Orange Muscat
Muscat Canelli
Aligote

Washington Reds

Washington produces more than 40 wine grape varieties - a ratio of about 49 percent white to 51 percent red. As the industry matures and experiments, it finds many grape varieties that thrive throughout Washington's micro-climates. There are almost 25,000 vineyard acres of red wine varieties statewide. Those most common in Washington are:
Other Reds

CABERNET FRANC
972 acres
393 hectares

Long considered primarily a blending grape, Cabernet Franc has recently captured the attention of Washington's winemakers. A hardy grape, Cabernet Franc has been of primary value for the sturdy core and firm tannins it adds to softer wines. On its own, it offers delicious, spicy notes with mellow coffee and intense blueberry fruit. Washington vineyard acreage devoted to Cabernet Franc has grown six-fold in the past few years.
 

More:
Malbec
Pinot Noir
Sangiovese
Lemberger (Blue Franc)
Grenache
Zinfandel
Barbera
Petit Verdot
Nebbiolo
Mourvèdre
Petit Sirah