Planted in 1972 on Underwood Mountain in Skamania County, in the Columbia Gorge AVA. The annual rainfall of 50 inches percolates into the vineyard's grainy "buckshot" sized volcanic loam. Soils from the extinct volcanic cone of Underwood Mountain can be as deep as 45 feet and retain moisture well, allowing Celilo Vineyards to survive without irrigation. The deep rooted vines bring a mineral characteristic to Celilo's wines along with higher acidity. At an elevation ranging from 800 to 1200 feet, the vineyard is considered sub-alpine, sitting on a cusp of wetter maritime weather to the west and the high desert to the east. Manager Rick Ensminger had opted to put in a modified Scott Henry trellis system which can handle the strong growth of vines and the windy conditions of the Columbia Gorge.
Today, Celilo Vineyards encompasses 75 acres of wine grapes, growing:
Gewurztraminer, Chardonnay, Lemberger, Pinot Noir, Pinot Gris, Muller-Thurgau, Viognier, Merlot, Gruner-Veitliner.